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immagine del libro Architectural Decoration and Urban History in Mauretania Tingitana


Architectural Decoration and Urban History in Mauretania Tingitana


Autore:
   Mugnai N.  
Anno Edizione:
  2018
Collana/Rivista:  Mediterranean Archaeology Studies
info
Isbn:
  978-88-7140-853-8
Materie:
   Archeologia
Formato:
  21x29,7
Allestimento:
  Brossura
Numero Pagine:
  412
Casa Editrice:
  Edizioni Quasar

IN ARRIVO

This book offers a new contribution to the study of Roman provincial architectural decoration, focusing on Mauretania Tingitana (northern Morocco). The architectural elements are analysed together with the buildings and contexts where they were employed. In addition to the reconstruction of local decorative styles, architecture, history and urban trajectories, the investigation is further extended to a broader extra-provincial level with particular attention to North Africa and the Mediterranean. The selected time frame spans from the late Mauretanian period (c. mid-first century BC) to the main phase of Roman provincial era (first to third century AD), also providing a glimpse into Late Antiquity (fourth to sixth centuries AD).
The discussion is based on the results of field research carried out at four archaeological sites in Morocco from 2011 to 2014: Volubilis (Ksar Pharaoun); Banasa (Sidi Ali bou Djenoun); Sala (Chellah, Rabat); and Lixus (Tchemmich, Larache). The fieldwork involved the recording of the elements of architectural decoration preserved at those sites, the vast majority of which are unpublished. The collected data were used to build up the typological classification presented in the catalogue in the second part of the book. The study also includes observations on the materials in the archaeological museums at Rabat, Tangier, and Tétouan, as well as those from other important sites of the province, in particular Thamusida and Zilil.
The analysis shows how different artistic and architectural traditions were merged together in Tingitana during the Roman period: the persistence of pre-Roman (Punic and Hellenistic) substrata; the influence of Roman official art and architectural decoration; and the creation of local-style ornament. This mixture of styles is also reflected in the design of buildings and public spaces in each town under examination, suggesting the presence of equally mixed urban communities. This research has revealed the artistic and architectural vitality of this territory at the south-west edge of the Roman world, while also illustrating a significant degree of adaptation of orthodox rules of Roman architecture.

Questo libro offre un nuovo contributo allo studio della decorazione architettonica romana provinciale, incentrato sulla Mauretania Tingitana (Marocco settentrionale). Gli elementi architettonici sono analizzati insieme agli edifici e ai contesti in cui erano impiegati. In aggiunta alla ricostruzione degli stili decorativi locali, dell’architettura, della storia e delle dinamiche urbane, questo studio è ulteriormente esteso ad un più ampio contesto extraprovinciale con particolare attenzione al nord Africa e al Mediter- raneo. Il lasso temporale selezionato spazia dalla tarda epoca maura (ca. metà del I sec. a.C.) alla fase principale dell’era provinciale romana (I-III sec. d.C.), fornendo inoltre un accenno alla tarda antichità (IV-VI sec. d.C.).
La discussione è incentrata sui risultati della ricerca sul campo condotta presso quattro siti archeologici in Marocco dal 2011 al 2014: Volubilis (Ksar Pharaoun); Banasa (Sidi Ali bou Djenoun); Sala (Chellah, Rabat); Lixus (Tchemmich, Larache). L’indagine ha riguardato la documentazione degli ele- menti architettonici conservati in questi siti, la maggior parte dei quali è inedita. I dati raccolti sono stati utilizzati per creare la classificazione tipologica presentata nel catalogo nella seconda parte del libro. Lo studio include inoltre osservazioni sui materiali nei musei archeologici di Rabat, Tangeri e Tétouan, così come quelli da altri siti importanti della provincia, in particolare Thamusida e Zilil.
L’analisi dimostra che tradizioni artistiche e architettoniche differenti erano combinate insieme in Tingitana durante l’età romana: la continuità di sostrati preromani (punici ed ellenistici); l’influenza
dell’arte e della decorazione architettonica romana ufficiale; la creazione di decorazioni di stile locale. Questa commistione di stili si riflette anche nell’aspetto degli edifici e degli spazi pubblici in ciascuna città presa in esame, suggerendo la presenza di altrettanto eterogenee comunità urbane. La ricerca ha evidenziato la vitalità artistica e architettonica di questo territorio all’estremità sud-occidentale del mondo romano, rivelando inoltre un notevole livello di variazione rispetto alle regole ortodosse dell’architettura romana.

Ce livre offre une nouvelle contribution à l’étude de la décoration architecturale provinciale romaine principalement en Maurétanie Tingitane (nord du Maroc). Il présente l’analyse d’éléments architecturaux ainsi que les bâtiments et contextes dans lesquels ils sont employés. À la reconstitution des styles décoratifs locaux, de l’architecture, de l’histoire et des dynamiques urbaines, s’ajoute une réflexion allant au-delà de l’échelle provinciale avec une attention particulière à l’Afrique du Nord et la Méditerranée. La période étudiée s’étend de l’époque maurétanienne tardive (vers le milieu du Ier siècle avant J.-C.) à la phase principale de l’ère provinciale romaine (Ier au IIIe siècle après J.-C.), et donne également un aperçu de l’antiquité tardive (IVe au VIe siècle après J.-C.).
Cette étude est centrée sur les résultats de recherches de terrain menées sur quatre sites archéolo- giques du Maroc entre 2011 et 2014 : Volubilis (Ksar Pharaoun) ; Banasa (Sidi Ali bou Djenoun) ; Sala (Chellah, Rabat) ; et Lixus (Tchemmich, Larache). Le travail de terrain a consisté à documenter les éléments de décoration architecturale préservés sur ces sites, dont la majorité n’est pas encore publiée. Les données recueillies ont été utilisées pour mettre en place la classification typologique présentée dans le catalogue qui se trouve en seconde partie de ce livre. L’étude comprend aussi des observations sur le matériel des musées archéologiques de Rabat, Tanger et Tétouan, ainsi que d’autres sites importants de la province, en particulier Thamusida et Zilil.
L’analyse montre que différentes traditions artistiques et architecturales furent combinées en Maurétanie Tingitane pendant la période romaine : la persistance de substrats préromains (puniques et hellénistiques) se mêle à l’influence de l’architecture et de l’art officiels romains ainsi qu’à la création de styles décoratifs locaux. Ce mélange de styles se retrouve également dans la conception des bâtiments et des espaces publics dans toutes les villes examinées, ce qui suggère la présence de communautés urbaines tout aussi hétérogènes. Cette recherche a révélé la vitalité artistique et architecturale de ce territoire à l’extrémité sud-ouest du monde romain, tout en illustrant un degré d’adaptation significatif des règles orthodoxes de l’architecture romaine.
Sommario: List of Figures and Tables. List of Plates and Plans. List of Abbreviations. Acknowledgements. Abstract – Riassunto – Résumé. 1 Introduction.Methodology and presentation of the results organization of the book. 2 Archaeology, Architecture, and Architectural Ornament in Morocco: A Status Quaestionis. The dawn of archaeological research in Morocco. Archaeology under the French and Spanish Protectorates (1912-56). Archaeology after the independence (1956 to the present). Studies of Mauretania Tingitana’s architecture and urbanism. Research on architectural decoration in ancient Morocco. 3 Mauretania Tingitana: An Historical Overview. The Phoenician and Punic eras (twelfth to fourth century BC). The Mauretanian kingdoms (fourth to first century BC). The Roman interregnum (33-25 BC). The client kingdoms of Juba II and Ptolemy (25 BC – AD 40). The revolt of Aedemon (AD 40-41). The Roman provincial era (first to third century AD). Tingitana in Late Antiquity (end of the third to sixth century AD). 4 Case Study: Volubilis. Forum and annexed buildings. Piazza of the Capitolium. Arch of Caracalla and portico along the decumanus maximus. Palace of Gordianus. The production of Volubilitan stylized capitals. Concluding remarks. 5 Case Study: Banasa.Forum area and nearby buildings. North-western and northern districts. South-western, south-eastern, and southern districts.Volubilitan architectural decoration at Banasa. Concluding remarks. 6 Case Study: Sala. Forum area. Capitolium, ‘basilica/curia Ulpia’, and arch. Isolated elements of architectural decoration. Concluding remarks.7 Case Study: Lixus. Quartier des Temples. Architectural elements of various provenance. Concluding remarks.8 Discussion: Mauretania Tingitana, North Africa, and the Roman World .Merging decorative styles in Mauretania Tingitana. Building projects, architectural design, and local communities. Urban trajectories and the development of towns. Conclusions and further research. 9 Structure of the Catalogue. 10 Catalogue: Volubilis. 1. Bases. Attic bases. Attic bases with plinth.Attic bases with plinth and moulded pedestal. Attic bases with plinth, joined to the shaft. Attic bases with decorated plinth. Attic bases with decorated plinth, joined to the shaft. Attic bases without plinth. Attic bases without plinth, joined to the shaft. 2. Capitals. Tuscan capitals. Ionic capitals. Corinthian capitals. Corinthian capitals with smooth leaves. Corinthian capitals with group 1 acanthus. Corinthian capitals with group 2 acanthus. Corinthian capitals with group 3 acanthus. Corinthian capitals with group 4 acanthus. Corinthian capitals with group 5 acanthus. Composite capitals. Composite capitals with group 3 acanthus. Composite capitals with group 5 acanthus. Pseudo-Corinthian capitals. Pseudo-Corinthian capitals with group 3 acanthus. Pseudo-Corinthian capitals with water plant leaves. Sofa capitals. Stylized capitals. Plain stylized capitals. Stylized capitals with Ionic-Corinthianizing motifs. 11 Catalogue: Banasa. 1. Bases. Attic bases. Attic bases with plinth. Attic bases with plinth, joined to the shaft.Attic bases without plinth. Attic bases without plinth, joined to the shaft. 2. Capitals. Tuscan capitals. Corinthian capitals. Corinthian capitals with smooth leaves. Corinthian capitals with acanthus mollis. Corinthian capitals with group 6 acanthus. Composite capitals. Composite capitals with smooth leaves. Composite capitals with group 3 acanthus.Pseudo-Corinthian capitals. Pseudo-Corinthian capitals with smooth leaves. Pseudo-Corinthian capitals with palm leaves. Pseudo-Corinthian capitals with water plant leaves. Pseudo-lotus capitals. Tronco-conical capitals. Bell-shaped capitals. Roughed-out capitals. 12 Catalogue: Sala. 1. Bases. Disc bases. Square bases. Single-torus bases. Attic bases. Attic bases with plinth. Attic bases with plinth, joined to the shaft. Square Attic bases with plinth. Attic bases without plinth. 2. Capitals. Tuscan capitals. Ionic capitals. Corinthian capitals. Corinthian capitals with smooth leaves. Corinthian capitals with acanthus mollis. Asiatic Corinthian capitals. Composite capitals. Composite capitals with fine-toothed acanthus. Pseudo-lotus capitals. 13 Catalogue: Lixus. 1. Bases. Cylindrical drum bases. Disc bases. Single-torus bases. Attic bases. Attic bases with plinth. Attic bases without plinth. Square Attic bases without plinth. 2. Capitals. Tuscan capitals. Ionic capitals. Plates. Plans. Bibliography. Index .